The Paris Agreement, which was adopted at the 21st Conference of Parties (COP) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 2015, is a landmark global treaty that aims to address climate change and its impacts. The agreement sets out a global action plan to limit global warming to below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and aims to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
The Paris Agreement is a legally binding agreement that has been ratified by 189 countries, including major emitters like China, the United States, and the European Union. It establishes a framework for global cooperation on climate change, particularly by encouraging countries to set targets for reducing their greenhouse gas emissions and provide regular updates on their progress.
One of the key components of the Paris Agreement is the commitment by countries to submit their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). These NDCs outline the country`s targets and actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and are reviewed and updated every five years. The Paris Agreement also establishes a system of financial assistance to developing countries to support their transition to a low-carbon economy.
The UNFCCC website, unfccc.int, provides a wealth of information on the Paris Agreement, including the text of the agreement, the status of ratification by individual countries, and the latest news and updates related to the implementation of the agreement. The site also provides a platform for countries to submit their NDCs and report on their progress towards achieving their targets.
As the world continues to grapple with the impacts of climate change, the Paris Agreement represents a critical step towards collective action to mitigate its worst effects. The UNFCCC and its member countries play a crucial role in ensuring the successful implementation of the agreement, and the unfccc.int website provides an essential resource for information and updates on this important global effort.